What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults?

Apnea is a lack of breathing. With OSA, you may cease breathing for brief intervals. Even while attempting to breathe, there may be little or no airflow entering the lungs. These interruptions in airflow (obstructive apneas) might occur intermittently throughout sleep and wake you up. Frequent apneas may pose various complications. Without treatment, major health concerns may develop over time.
Modvigil 200(Provigil) and Modalert 200 is used to treat excessive sleepiness in patients with narcolepsy and
residual sleepiness in certain cases of sleep apnea. Scientists believe the drug affects the sleep-wake centers
in the brain. The most common side effect is a headache.
OSA is more prevalent in males, women after menopause, and those older than 65. OSA may arise in children as well. Also view the ATS Patient Information Series information page on pediatric OSA. Individuals with the following risk factors are more likely to develop sleep apnea: larger tonsils and/or adenoids a family history of OSA excessive weight—obesity
dental issues include micrognathia (small jaw) and retrognathia (a pulled back jaw)
What symptoms are associated with obstructive sleep apnea?
There are several indicators that may lead one to suspect OSA. You may be unaware that you have OSA, but your spouse, other family members, or close friend may recognize these symptoms.
Typical sleep symptoms include: Snoring that is often loud and disturbs those who are attempting to sleep nearby. Snoring might fluctuate during the night.

  • Sounds of gasping or coughing.
  • Breathing pauses recorded by a person observing a sleeping individual.
  •  Sudden or jerky bodily motions.
  • Involuntary tossing and turning.
  • Frequent awakenings throughout the night.
  • Typical symptoms while awake include:
  • Even after sleeping for several hours, you feel as if you did not get enough rest.
  • Morning head pain.
  • Dry or painful throat in the morning due to mouth breathing during sleep.
  • Daytime slumberiness
  • Fatigue or lethargy throughout the day.
  • Changes in personality, such as mood swings and trouble interacting with people.
  • Issues with weak memory or difficulty to focus.

Can OSA be harmful?

Insomnia while driving may be caused by a lack of sleep, which can result in automobile accidents. Over time, OSA may lead to high blood pressure (hypertension), heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and premature mortality.

How can I tell whether I have OSA?

If you experience symptoms of OSA, you should see a healthcare professional. Your healthcare practitioner may assist you in determining whether you need a sleep study and if you should undergo additional evaluation at a sleep facility.
OSA is identified by a sleep study (polysomnogram).
Typically, a sleep study is conducted in a sleep facility where you will be booked for an overnight sleep test. OSA may also be diagnosed with a sleep apnea text for home use. Your breathing, heart rate, and oxygen levels will be monitored during a sleep study. Also view the Sleep Studies ATS Patient Information Series information sheet.

How can one cure obstructive sleep apnea?

  • There are several techniques to treat sleep apnea efficiently. The therapy chosen will depend on the cause and degree of sleep apnea. If obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is caused by obesity, weight reduction may eliminate the condition altogether. More details on weight loss and OSA will soon be accessible at www.thoracic.org/patients. Since alcohol might inhibit breathing and exacerbate OSA, avoid alcohol at least four hours before bedtime. Sleep apnea is often worsened by sleeping on the back.
  • If you sleep on your back, you may force yourself to sleep on your side by using a pillow or another method.
    Some individuals sew a tennis ball onto the rear of their pajama pants as a reminder not to turn on their back.
    Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a typical OSA treatment device. CPAP is a machine that functions as a compressor to blow air into a mask worn during sleep over the nose and/or mouth or in the nostrils (nasal pillows). The airflow works as a splint to prevent the collapse of the upper airway. This aids in the prevention of blockage and apnea. Adjusting the air pressure to the optimal level for controlling apnea. While using CPAP, snoring is often significantly reduced. Moreover, view the ATS Patient Information Series information page on CPAP for OSA.
  • Some individuals may have surgery to address OSA. The sort of gadget or surgical procedure will depend on the apnea’s etiology. Certain oral gadgets or devices worn in the mouth while sleeping may help maintain an open airway. The majority of oral devices function by either advancing the jaw or preventing the tongue from obstructing the throat. Those with moderate sleep apnea who are not overweight are most likely to benefit from oral appliances.
  • These devices are often custom-made and installed under the guidance of a dentist or oral surgeon who specializes in treating these conditions.

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